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Research institution
The Czech Academy of Sciences
The Czech Academy of Sciences

The Academy employs over 8,000 employees, more than a half of whom are researchers with university degrees.

The primary mission of the CAS and its institutes is to conduct research in a broad spectrum of the natural, technical and social sciences and the humanities. This research, whether highly specialised or interdisciplinary in nature, aims to advance developments in scientific knowledge at the international level, while also taking into account the specific needs of both the Czech society and the national culture. Researchers of the Academy institutes also participate in education, particularly through doctoral study programmes for young researchers and by teaching at universities as well. The Academy also fosters collaboration with applied research and industry. The integration of the Czech science into the international context is being promoted by means of numerous joint international research projects and through the exchange of scientists with counterpart institutions abroad. The CAS is financed primarily from the state budget.

The CAS has also been assigned financial responsibility for 71 specialised Czech scientific societies associated with the Council of Scientific Societies.

Institutes according to Research Areas

I. Mathematics, Physics, and Earth Sciences

1. Section of Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science
2. Section of Applied Physics
3. Section of Earth Sciences

II. Life and Chemical Sciences

4. Section of Chemical Sciences

Chemical research continues in the tradition of such distinguished Czech chemists as Rudolf Brdička, Jaroslav Heyrovský, František Šorm, and Otto Wichterle. In physical chemistry, theoretical as well as experimental, research is oriented toward the selected fields of chemical physics, electrochemistry, and catalysis. Inorganic chemistry is directed at the preparation and characterisation of new compounds and materials, such as boranes. Research in organic chemistry and biochemistry focuses on medicine, biology, and ecology, seeking to synthesise new potential medicaments, especially anti-virals. Macromolecular chemistry involves developing, preparing, and characterising new polymers for use in biomedicine, such as those for contact lenses and the separation of compounds. Analytical chemistry is also directed at separation techniques, but on a microscale in capillaries and in spectral methods. Thermodynamics and phase behaviour of fluids, dynamics of multiple phase reacting systems, homo- and heterogeneous catalysis, and modern separation methods are studied in the domain of chemical engineering science.

The section is comprised of six institutes which have a total of 1563 employees, of whom 1106 are graduate research workers.

5. Section of Biological and Medical Sciences

The aim of research in this section is to increase knowledge about processes in living organisms, from the molecular and cellular levels to the whole organism. Biophysical research is oriented toward studies of DNA – protein interaction and the effect of environmental factors on organisms. In molecular genetics and cell biology, signalling pathways which trigger target reactions and the responses of the target genes to these signals are investigated; special attention is paid to cell mechanisms of immune responses. Studies of microbial genomes and processes lead to modern technologies for preparing metabolites with defined biological effects. Research in mammalian and human physiology and pathophysiology is centered on cardiovascular physiology, neurosciences, physiology of reproduction, and embryology, aimed at creating theoretical bases of preventive medicine. In entomology, insects are studied both as common pests, but also as model objects, as in the case of the silk moth. Research in experimental botany is oriented toward genetics, physiology, and pathophysiology, as well as modern plant biotechnologies.

The section is comprised of seven institutes which have a total of 2214 employees, of whom 1422 are graduate research workers.

6. Section of Bio-Ecological Sciences

Research in this section is concentrated on interactions between organisms and environment, and also between organisms. Studies involve earth ecosystems, water ecosystems, and parasite-host systems. Investigations are carried out mostly on the territory of the Czech Republic, and contribute to the bio-ecological mapping of the country. Long-term observations focus on typical ecosystems in selected localities studied from the point of view of geobotany, hydrobiology, soil biology, chemistry and microbiology, and on the eutrophization of selected lakes and dams. Taxonomy of higher and lower plants, especially of algae, is investigated and the information is used by conservationists. The Institute of Botany oversees the care of Průhonice Park, an important part of Czech natural and cultural heritage.

The section is comprised of four institutes which have a total of 1275 employees, of whom 777 are graduate research workers.

III. Humanities and Social Sciences

7. Section of Social and Economic Sciences
8. Section of Historical Sciences
9. Section of Humanities and Philology
 

News

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Article | Scientific article

The mystery of de novo proteins revealed by Czech and German researchers

Researchers from BIOCEV and their German colleagues described a large set of de novo proteins, helping unravel the otherwise hard-to-decipher properties of these mystery proteins.
Akademie věd České republiky
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Article | Scientists

Gerrit Angst awarded the Lumina quaeruntur premium. He will start a new research team

Soil biologist Gerrit Angst from the Biology Centre of the CAS received the prestigious Lumina quaeruntur Premium from the President of the Czech Academy of Sciences.
Akademie věd České republiky
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Wrote about us

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Article | Video

Thanks to his new discovery, Pavel Hobza stands a great chance at rewriting the textbooks of physical chemistry

Pavel Hobza from the IOCB Prague and his team discovered improper hydrogen bond twenty years ago. Current discovery has the potential to simplify the previously adopted definition of the hydrogen bond.
Ústav organické chemie a biochemie AV ČR
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Article | Software

From a scientific project to a global business venture. The company mzio is striving to improve data analysis in mass spectrometry labs

A piece of software which enables researchers worldwide to speed up their work and helps them make scientific discoveries is expanding from science into commerce.
Ústav organické chemie a biochemie AV ČR
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Library

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Organic geochemistry of fossil resins from the Czech Republic

Scientific articles
| 2014 | Elsevier (Czech Academy of Sciences)
Instrumentation
GC/MSD, Pyrolysis, GC/SQ
Manufacturer
Thermo Fisher Scientific, CDS Analytical
Industries
Environmental
 

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